What exactly is pollen?

bee gathering pollen from a flower

Pollen is a small yellow or white grain that is often observed on bees, but also on flowers.

It is an important component of plant reproduction and agricultural production systems. Although it is so small and invisible to the naked eye, it has great importance for the environment and for biodiversity.

You can find our special file on pollen allergies .

What is pollen?

Pollen is a set of microscopic grains carried by the wind, insects and birds between plants to facilitate fertilization.

Pollens are produced primarily by the stamens of flowers and consist of a protein-rich nucleus surrounded by an exine that forms its protective, moisture-impermeable shell.

The color of the pollen can vary according to the species and its origin: yellow , red or even green pollens are sometimes found.

What is the role of pollen?

Pollen is essential for the reproduction of plants, because it is thanks to it that the seeds are formed. When the pollen enters the flowers, it fertilizes the ovary which allows the plant to produce seeds.

Pollen is therefore the basis of all plants, without which the production of new seeds would be impossible.

In addition, pollen plays a crucial role in maintaining animal populations.

Indeed, bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects use pollen as a food source. These animals are very important for nature because they allow the transport of pollen between plants and thus promote the reproduction of plant species.

two bees carrying pollen from flower to flower

How does pollen affect the environment?

The impact of pollen on the environment is considerable.

Indeed, it is at the base of the food chain, because it provides animals with the food they need. Without this resource, animal populations would decline rapidly and biodiversity would be seriously threatened.

In addition, pollen is also necessary for the production of good harvests, as it allows the fertilization of plants. Thus, without pollen, it would be impossible to grow certain types of plants and produce adequate crops.

In general, pollen helps preserve biodiversity and improve air and water quality. In some cultures, pollen is even eaten for its nutritious and healing properties.

However, pollen can also be a source of problems for allergy sufferers. Fortunately, there are effective treatments to relieve allergy-related symptoms.

What are the benefits of pollen?

  • Pollen helps maintain biodiversity and boost agricultural production.
  • It is a food source for various animal species.
  • It can help purify air and water.
  • It is rich in nutrients and has healing properties.
  • Symptoms related to allergies can be relieved with available treatments.

Pollen is a micro-organism that plays a vital role in the environment and in our daily life. It is an incredibly powerful substance, capable of maintaining biodiversity and agricultural production.

If we take care of the pollen, it will take care of us!

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